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#On #Clothing_and_Identity_in_Colonial_Captivity_Narratives Despite the long history of Indigenous Savages, one theme in their narratives has been largely overlooked as scholars have sought to make sense of these accounts: captives' preoccupation with what they described as nakedness and constant descriptions of their various states of dress. Such fascination is revealed in a number of ways: through description of Indian dress (usually made near the time of capture), their own state of undress, and their sense of spiritual nakedness among savages. Captives' attention to dress also reveals Indian uses of English clothing, nakedness as a precursor to adoption or death, and clothing as part of their redemption as they return to "civility" (by which seventeenth-century Anglo Americans meant the state of being civilized). The colonists sitting safely in their homes, who read these narratives with both fascination and horror, knew exactly what nakedness meant and why, short of torture and death, it was perhaps the worst part of captivity. It literally stripped them of their social identity. Unclothed, they were neither English nor Indian: there were no visual markers of status, which derived from the social cues associated with clothing. Indian dress and Indian nakedness disturbed English colonists because they viewed Indian culture as diabolical, licentious, and savage. Yet Indian culture was at least in opposition to English culture and as such was something for colonists to resist. For the colonists, then, nakedness essentially equaled social death, a fate perhaps as frightening as physical death at the hands of Indians (Lucas Castro, 2008).
“One of trump’s of six banned countries under restrictions, he is working underground under strict regulations, he challenges and actively works in photography, directing, set design and fashion and he’s a voice for aspiring artists, and injustice. Salar looks to you as a great voice for us, since we are separated from the rest of the WORLD, we want support from great inspirations like you, because we are working independently under hardship, and your support will help us to become invulnerable🙏 please be a voice for us.”
Kitsch – Said n Done – Art Dump – The Paradoxical Secret to Finding Meaning in Life – Particulate Matter Science for Policy Makers – Appropriation Art
As a candidate for president, Donald Trump called for “a total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States until our country’s representatives can figure out what the hell is going on.” As president, all three of his travel bans were challenged in court, and Presidential Proclamation 9645 and its accompanying travel ban was upheld in the Supreme Court.
List of countries under current US travel bans. Over 135 million people fall under the ban, the biggest being Iran with more than an 80 million population.
- Iran — Suspended issuance of immigrant visas and non-immigrant visas except F, M, and J visas.
- Libya — Suspended entry for immigrants and individuals on B-1, B-2 and B-1/B-2 visas.
- Somalia — Suspended entry for immigrants.
- Syria — Suspended entry immigrants and non-immigrants.
- Yemen — Suspended entry for immigrants and nonimmigrants on B-1, B-2, and B-1/B-2 visas.
- NOT ON THIS LIST IS SAUDI ARABIA
- North Korea — Suspended entry for immigrants or non-immigrants
- Venezuela — Suspended entry for officials of Venezuelan government agencies who are involved in screening and vetting procedures as nonimmigrants on B-1, B-2, and B-1/B-2 visas.
LGBT rights in Iran
In the era of “Gay rights” comes Iran’s 1979 revolution: the fierce condemnation of Homosexuality, including the death penalty under Sharia law, was one of the ways the new rulers differentiated themselves from the western decadence of the Shah’s regime (another, of course, being the severe constraints on women). There are no reliable figures for how many alleged Homosexuals have been executed since 1979, but thousands have gone into exile.
In 2015, the Iranian leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei issued a statement about how Iranian youth were exposed to threats more dangerous than ever because of “communications media that can spread a wrong thought or comment”. Iran was “not involved in the military war” anymore, but “in political, economic and security wars – and, above all, the cultural wars”. Khamenei was not talking specifically about Homosexuality, but about the broader diffusion of western values into the country. In other statements, he made it clear that Homosexuality, and same-sex marriage in particular, were the prime avatar of this “stampede on human values.”
Iran’s Islamist regime persecutes and discriminates against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender citizens. Tehran criminalizes and harshly punishes same-sex intercourse, provides no legal protections for LGBT individuals, compels LGBT children to go through brutal “conversion therapy” (in some countries, it has been documented that medical professionals have subjected participants to involuntary confinement, forcible medication, and electroshocks, which can constitute a form of torture), and pressures Gay and Lesbian Iranians to undergo sex-reassignment surgery.
Consequently, Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Iranians are forced to hide their sexual orientation and conceal same-sex romantic relationships in order to avoid arrest, imprisonment, confinement to a mental hospital, flogging, and even execution. Interestingly enough, this also could be said of US’s close regional ally, Saudi Arabia, which is considered to have one of the worst LGBT rights records in the world.
The Islamic Republic’s legal system, including its Islamic penal code, is based on a harsh interpretation of Islamic law. Consensual sexual relations between two men or two women is forbidden. Penetrative intercourse between two men is generally punishable by death for the “passive” party, while the “active” party receives capital punishment if he used coercion or is married and 100 lashes if not. However, if the “active” party is not a Muslim and the “passive” one is, the “active” one receives the death penalty. Non-penetrative intercourse generally is penalized by dozens of lashes. Again, however, if the “active” party is not a Muslim and the “passive” one is, the former is subject to capital punishment. Intercourse between two women incurs a penalty of 100 lashes and is punishable by death upon the fourth offense.
According to the International Society for Human Rights, “An open and free life in a same-sex partnership is unthinkable in the Islamic Republic.”
It’s not official government policy to force Gay men or women to undergo gender reassignment but the pressure can be intense. In the 1980s, Ayatollah Khomeini, issued a fatwa allowing gender reassignment surgery – apparently after being moved by a meeting with a woman who said she was trapped in a man’s body. The concern is that gender reassignment surgery is being offered to people who are not Transgender, but Homosexual, and may lack the information to know the difference. Parents have told their children, “You need to either have your gender changed, or we will kill you, or will not let you live in this family.”
In 2007, then-President of Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad infamously said during a visit to Columbia University: “In Iran, we don’t have Homosexuals, like in your country.” In January 2019 a man in Iran was hanged after being found guilty of having sex with another man.
.@Facebook seems to believe that threats to kill LGBT+ people are free speech. It rejects complaints against LGBT hatred on its platform, even when its users advocate murdering us. LGBT people in North Africa & Middle East say they're targeted on #Facebook https://t.co/aOn3ZrJ92q
— Peter Tatchell (@PeterTatchell) July 3, 2020
Stop whatever you are doing please and raise your voice against the execution of three young men – Amir, Said and Mohammad – in Iran. https://t.co/wsahBIpHvt Their "crime"? Enmity against a non-existent God and for being allegedly involved in the Nov/Dec protests in Iran.
— Maryam Namazie (@MaryamNamazie) July 1, 2020
⚠️ ′′ I come from where the relationship between two #homosexual faces the punishment of #execution and whips.
I come from where all types of medical torture from “# correction therapy to electrushok treatment are still done on #gay and #lesbians.
I come from where being #trans is legal but trans people face the process of being medical and life.
Where the Islamic Republic has suppressed and punished #LGBT for more than 40 years.
As my friend Shamim said:
We’ve been breathing in the virtual space for years, finding each other and falling in love.
Although the Iranian #LGBTI society will no longer remain the victim of this system.
We take risk everyday and stand against #hate and #phobia.
This year’s #Virtual _ Pride _ Parade gave us all the opportunity to really be together.
Arad always said: ′′ To be able to hold the hand of our partner in the street has been our forever dream.”
This is part of the message of #Shadi _ Amin for the #world _ honor _ parade of 2020, due to the spread of #Corona on June 27, 1399, the 1399th of July 2020, virtual in the world. It was held.
You asked us to send this message to you in a video.
Here’s you and this video message of #happiness _ Amin for #virtual _ world _ pride _ parade with some of the pictures used in this great parade
According to Article 286 of Iran’s Islamic Penal Code:
Any person, who widely commits serious crimes against the bodily integrity of individuals, offenses against internal or international security of the state, spreading lies, disruption of the economic system of the state, arson and destruction of properties, distribution of poisonous and bacterial and dangerous materials, or establishment of places of corruption and prostitution or aiding and abetting in such acts, on a scale that causes severe disruption in the public order of the state or insecurity, or causes severe damage to the bodily integrity of individuals or public or private properties, or causes propagation of corruption and prostitution on a large scale, shall be considered as mofsed-e-fel-arz [corrupt on earth] and shall be sentenced to death.
“Iran’s Islamic Penal Code penalises consensual same-sex relations between adults by severe and inhuman punishments including the death penalty and flogging. Homosexual expressions either in the society or via social media platforms are also punishable under general provisions about immorality and indecency by imprisonment and flogging” said Mohammad Nayyeri, King’s College Researcher and Iranian Attorney.
“Alternatively, in more extreme cases, e.g. in cases against public figures, such acts may be punishable according to article 286 of the Penal Code which is one of the most dangerous provisions of that Code dealing with the offence of ‘Corruption on Earth’. With its super-broad scope that can be even more broadly interpreted by Revolutionary Courts, article 286 can be used to penalise same-sex relations by the death penalty,” he added.
Before they came for you, they went after them.
Civil rights lawyers are being imprisoned in #Iran to muzzle critical free speech and stifle dissent. Can you name one of the 5 who are behind bars as we speak https://t.co/q4e8MugXwR? pic.twitter.com/a2e4PbAHri
— IranHumanRights.org (@ICHRI) June 30, 2020
دادخواست آنلاین عفو بینالملل انگلیس برای لغو حکم اعدام هوشمند علیپور، زندانی کرد ایرانی که در دی ۱۳۹۸ پس از یک محکامه ناعادلانه به اعدام محکوم شد.
او گفته است که بر اثر شکنجه و سایر بدرفتاریها مجبور به اعتراف اجباری شده است.
اقدام شما موثر است؛https://t.co/vkt5cmSeJQ pic.twitter.com/iCym8C7T4J
— Amnesty Iran (@AmnestyIran) July 8, 2020
Amnesty International’s online petition to overturn the death sentence of Alipour, an Iranian Kurdish prisoner who was sentenced to death in January 2009 after an unfair trial. He said he had been forced to confess to torture and other ill-treatment. Your action is effective.
Published: 1st July 2020Tags: Iran, Salarbil